World has seen the signs of xenophobia in different countries. We forget that “Abraham Lincoln” fought against the existence of slavery. Indian father of nation “Mahatma Gandhi” tried to abolish the discrimination based on color of skin in South Africa. Many others like “Martin Luther King Jr.“, “Nelson Mandela” have campaigned against racism.
Racism is a word that many people do not fully understand or have many perceptions of.Racism has also affected society, some organizations and people have done actions against it. Many people would consult the dictionary to find out what the meaning of the word is. As defined by Wikipedia, Racism is the belief that groups of humans possess different behavioral traits corresponding to physical appearance, and can be divided based on the superiority of one race over another. It may also mean prejudice, discrimination, or antagonism directed against other people because they are of a different race or ethnicity.
Racism also has different types namely: racial discrimination, institutional, and economic.
Racial discrimination is dividing society into groups not necessarily related to races and treating them according to it. This is the most common type of racism and it is usually connected to stereotyping. In workplace, there is widespread discrimination against job applicants. The people in that category have less than 50% chance of landing a job interview. And this has not only limited to any one country, but people from different countries do face, too.
Racism is institutional. Institutional racism, according to Wikipedia, can be also called as structural, state or systematic racism. This racial discrimination done by governments, companies, religious groups, or educational institutions who have the power to influence many people.
Economic racism is caused by past racism and historical reasons which affect the present generation due to the lack of formal education, the lack of preparation during the parents’ generation, and through the racist attitudes and actions done without them even knowing it. Some people run the economy which practices this type of racism.
In the past, racism was there at the heart of different part of the world specially in North American slavery to be specific as the colonization and empire-building activities of some western Europeans overseas, especially in the 18th century. The idea of race was invented to magnify the differences between people of European origin in the United States and those of African descent whose ancestors had been brought against their will to function as slaves in the American south. There have been people, institutions, and governments that have made policies or laws against the racism. Examples of these institutions are the UN, UNESCO and the European Union. The UN held the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination and discussed what racism is and what are the results of it in hopes that it could open the minds of people and eliminate racism (1996). The UNESCO, on the other hand, suggested in The Race Question to drop the term race altogether and instead speak of ethnic groups. It aimed morally condemned racism as an assumption of equal rights for all. The European Union strictly banned racism and many other types of social discrimination in the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union (2001).
Racism in total, reflects an acceptance of the deepest forms and degrees of divisiveness and carries the implication that differences among groups are so great that they cannot be transcended. In a nutshell, it does not have any scientific or biological reasons of superiority, it is a man made social stigma.
We know racism is effecting a lot all over the world and we need fight against to stop the discrimination and injustice. Please share your thoughts and comments on it.